Chapter 4 Table of Contents. For emphasis, the primary purposes for formal research are repeated here: find and understand raw data and information enter the discourse, or conversation, of other writers and scholars in your field learn how others in your field use primary and secondary resources For the formal or primary academic research assignment, where you will take your place in the scholarly conversation, consider an organizational pattern typically used for primary academic research. This organization consists of these sections—introduction, methods, results, discussion, and conclusions and recommendations. The research paper flows from the general to the specific and back to the general in its organization. The introduction uses a general-to-specific movement in its organization, establishing the thesis and setting the context for the conversation.
Beef Up Critical Thinking and Writing Skills: Comparison Essays
How to Write a Method Statement: 5 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow
The Introduction should provide readers with the background information needed to understand your study, and the reasons why you conducted your experiments. TIP: Do not write a literature review in your Introduction, but do cite reviews where readers can find more information if they want it. Once you have provided background material and stated the problem or question for your study, tell the reader the purpose of your study. Usually the reason is to fill a gap in the knowledge or to answer a previously unanswered question. For example, if a drug is known to work well in one population, but has never been tested in a different population, the purpose of a study could be to test the efficacy and safety of the drug in the second population. The final thing to include at the end of your Introduction is a clear and exact statement of your study aims. You might also explain in a sentence or two how you conducted the study.
Developing A Thesis
The methods section that follows the introduction section should provide a clear description of the experimental procedure, and the reasons behind the choice of specific experimental methods. The methods section should be elaborate enough so that the readers can repeat the experimental procedure and reproduce the results. The scientific rigor of the paper is judged by your materials and methods section, so make sure you elaborate on all the fine details of your experiment. Explain the procedures step-by-step by splitting the main section into multiple sub-sections.
Published on 25 February by Shona McCombes. Revised on 12 June In your dissertation or thesis, you will have to discuss the methods you used to undertake your research.