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Hindi as our national language: Myth and reality
Jana Gana Mana - Wikipedia
The song was composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in a highly Sanskritized form of the Bengali language. The song first appeared in his book ''Anandamatha'', published in amid fears of a ban by British Raj, though the song itself was actually written six years prior in Though a major aspirant for being thenational anthem of India, Vande Mataram was eventually overtaken by Jana Gana Mana , which was ultimately chosen. Vande Mataram! Sujalam suphalam, malayaja shitalam, Shasyashyamalam, Mataram! Shubhrajyotsna pulakitayaminim, Phullakusumita drumadala shobhinim, Suhasinim, sumadhura bhashinim, Sukhadam, varadam, Mataram!
National Song of India
It is second largest country in population and seventh largest country by land area. It is also the most populous democracy in the world,   bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. The capital of India is New Delhi. India is a peninsula , bound by the Indian Ocean in the south, the Arabian Sea on the west and Bay of Bengal in the east.
Mother, I bow to thee is a poem written in Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in s, which he included in his Bengali novel Anandamath. An ode to the Motherland , it was written in Bengali script in the novel Anandmath. It played a vital role in the Indian independence movement , first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at the session of the Indian National Congress. On the occasion, the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad stated that the song should be honoured equally with the national anthem of India, " Jana Gana Mana ".