Birth order refers to the order a child is born in their family; first-born and second-born are examples. Birth order is often believed to have a profound and lasting effect on psychological development. This assertion has been repeatedly challenged. Alfred Adler — , an Austrian psychiatrist , and a contemporary of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung , was one of the first theorists to suggest that birth order influences personality. He argued that birth order can leave an indelible impression on an individual's style of life, which is one's habitual way of dealing with the tasks of friendship, love, and work.
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This is the one place where although unconscious, jealousy is the guiding factor. Firstborns are keen to achieve, they work hard, and they try to take up positions that will receive most praise. Statistically, more firstborns than you would imagine are company directors, presidents and prime ministers. They are the most likely of any of the birth order positions to seek help because they rely on authority figures and think they have the answers. But they are nurturing too, because one of the ways they received praise from their parents was to help with their younger sibling — so they are also quite likely to go into care-giving professions.
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The McCaugheys, residents of the town of Carlisle , declined selective reduction to reduce the number of infants, saying that they would "put it in God's hands". The obstetricians primarily responsible for the medical care of the babies were Karen Drake and Paula Mahone. The septuplets, four boys and three girls, were born nine weeks prematurely in Des Moines on November 19, Two of the septuplets, Alexis and Nathan, have cerebral palsy.
In spite of sharing genes and environments, siblings are often not as similar in nature as one might think. But where do the supposed differences come from? Alfred Adler, a 19th- and early 20th-century Austrian psychotherapist and founder of individual psychology, suspected that birth order leads to differences in siblings. He also considered oldest children dutiful and sometimes conservative.