Napoleon is said to have predicted that, when China woke from its slumbers, it would "astonish the world. In a mere three decades, China has risen from impotence and backwardness to a leading position in global affairs. This year it will become the second biggest producer of goods and services, something projected just five years ago to happen only in China is clearly on the way to regaining its historic position as the world's largest economy, displacing the United States. Given continued rapid growth in the Chinese economy, slow growth elsewhere, and progressive revaluation of the Renminbi Yuan, this could happen much sooner than many expect. The prospect of transcendent Chinese wealth and power, coupled with America's devaluation of its own political and economic prestige, has led to mounting speculation about China's emergence as a global hegemon to rival and, perhaps in time, surpass the United States.
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What Is Cultural Hegemony?
With such a broad applicability, it also attracted a great deal of criticism. In their review of the concepts and of the critique, Connell and Messerschmidt sort the existing objections in five categories of critique, which I will present in the following. What is hegemonic masculinity? What are the merits and shortcomings of this concept? Hegemonic masculinity is the exclusive masculinity of which only a few exhibit. The majority of men in fact experience complicit masculinity, allowing them to dominate in the patriarchal system in which it created.
Cultural hegemony refers to domination or rule maintained through ideological or cultural means. It is usually achieved through social institutions, which allow those in power to strongly influence the values, norms, ideas, expectations, worldview, and behavior of the rest of society. Cultural hegemony functions by framing the worldview of the ruling class, and the social and economic structures that embody it, as just, legitimate, and designed for the benefit of all, even though these structures may only benefit the ruling class. This kind of power is distinct from rule by force, as in a military dictatorship, because it allows the ruling class to exercise authority using the "peaceful" means of ideology and culture.
Saudi Arabia has the strongest economy on the Arabian Peninsula. The strong cultural history of Saudi Arabia has helped shape their free trade economy and is the reason for their dominance over the Middle Eastern-North African region for foreign investments. As overseas central banks make large purchases of the renminbi, it will make the renminbi appreciate Bradsher. Therefore, China will have a difficult time preventing the currency from appreciating, which in turn will make exports from China less beneficial Bradsher. As stated in the beginning of his text, a realist believes that the state and its national interests are the highest priority in keeping society away from anarchy.