Reliable biographical information on Caravaggio is scarce and what does exist has been pieced together from court and municipal records and other surviving documents. As a child, Caravaggio was known as Michelangelo Merisi, a reference to his birth on the feast day of the Archangel Michael. The artist grew up between the quiet agricultural town of Caravaggio in Lombardy and the bustling city of Milan where his father, a master stone mason, worked. Though of lower social status, Caravaggio's family had elite ties. Caravaggio's aunt had served as a wet-nurse to the children of the Milanese Sforza nobility, and members of the Sforza family, notably the Marchese Francesco I Sforza di Caravaggio and his wife, Costanza Colonna, witnessed the wedding of Caravaggio's parents in Costanza Colonna would later become a supporter of the artist during his many flights from the law, although she never personally acquired a painting.
During the final four years of his life he moved between Naples , Malta , and Sicily until his death. His paintings combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of lighting, which had a formative influence on Baroque painting. Caravaggio employed close physical observation with a dramatic use of chiaroscuro that came to be known as tenebrism. He made the technique a dominant stylistic element, darkening shadows and transfixing subjects in bright shafts of light. Caravaggio vividly expressed crucial moments and scenes, often featuring violent struggles, torture, and death. He worked rapidly, with live models, preferring to forgo drawings and work directly onto the canvas. His influence on the new Baroque style that emerged from Mannerism was profound.
The same day, his father noted down: "Today March 6, , a child of the male sex has been born to me and I have named him Michelangelo. Well Michelangelo was just that. In fact the stereotype is modeled after him. His temper and rudeness drove others away from him and kept him lonely.
Michelangelo merisi da Caravaggio, also known as Caravaggio was pessimistic in his poetry and an optimist in his artwork. He had an unparalleled influence on the renaissance. A master of both painting and sculpting, he was also an architect, engineer and poet. His abilities as a painter and sculptor were unsurpassed in his days, as his artwork consisted of paintings and sculptures that showed humanity in its natural state. Michelangelo had exceptional artistic skills, as he expressed his personality.