In the social sciences , framing comprises a set of concepts and theoretical perspectives on how individuals, groups, and societies organize, perceive, and communicate about reality. Framing can manifest in thought or interpersonal communication. Frames in thought consist of the mental representations, interpretations, and simplifications of reality. Frames in communication consist of the communication of frames between different actors. Framing is an integral part of conveying and processing data on a daily basis. Successful framing techniques can be used to reduce the ambiguity of intangible topics by contextualizing the information in such a way that recipients can connect to what they already know.
Theory of Framing in the Media
Minorities In The Media Research Paper - Words | Cram
Islamophobia is defined as "Intense dislike or fear of Islam, especially as a political force; hostility or prejudice towards Muslims",   and the study of how and to what extent the media furthers Islamophobia has been the subject of much academic and political discussion. Discussion of Islamophobia in the media is typically concerned with patterns of rhetoric employed either by a specific outlet or by the mass media of a particular country or area, such as the United States or Europe. Examples of this include disproportionate negative coverage of Islam compared to other religions, association of Muslims with terrorism , portrayal of Islam and its adherents as violent or primitive, and exclusion of Muslim perspectives from political and academic discussion, among other topics. In turn, responses to discussions of media Islamophobia often question the frequency, severity, and impact of rhetoric deemed Islamophobic, what constitutes Islamophobia in practice, and the political motivations behind discussions about Islamophobia. Some researchers point to the Iranian Revolution in as a starting point for Islamophobia in the United States. It may be due to the growing influence of political Islam around the same period. In his book, The Modern Middle East , author Mehran Kamrava notes that the "rise in the popularity and spread of political Islam can be traced to the s and even earlier, when a general trend in the politicization of Islam began sweeping across the Middle East following the Arab 'victory' in the War and the success of the Iranian revolution.
Media Portrayal of Islam Essay
For me it was in , as the refugee crisis in Europe reached its peak. While debate raged over whether people crossing the Mediterranean via unofficial routes should be regarded as deserving candidates for European sympathy and protection, it seemed as if that word came to crowd out all others. Unlike the other terms, well-meaning or malicious, that might be applied to people in similar situations, this one word appears shorn of context; without even an im- or an em- attached to it to indicate that the people it describes have histories or futures. But only certain kinds of human beings.
This fact has now been acknowledged by the paper , and it has rewritten the story and issued a correction both online and in print. In the media, using Islam or Muslims as descriptive terms when referring to criminals remains all too common, even in cases where faith has little or nothing to do with the crime. There is nothing in Islam that could justify such heinous acts , and none of those involved in this particular crime cited Islam as their motive. But the damage was done: the odious headline had already spread across the internet like wildfire. Should Muslims — and society more broadly — just accept this bigotry?