In , at the initiative of British Prime Minister Clement Attlee, a cabinet mission to India was formulated to discuss and finalize plans for the transfer of power from the British Raj to Indian leadership and providing India with independence under Dominion status in the Commonwealth of Nations. The Mission discussed the framework of the constitution and laid down in some detail the procedure to be followed by the constitution drafting body. Elections for the seats assigned to the British Indian provinces were completed by August With the independence of India on August 15, , the Constituent Assembly became a fully sovereign body and began work on 9 December The Constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by the elected members of the provincial assemblies.
List of Indian Constitution Articles (1 -395) & Parts (1-22), PDF Download
Essay on the Constitution of India - Words
Please join StudyMode to read the full document. It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions, and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules and amendments. Besides the English version, there is an official Hindi translation. Ambedkar is widely regarded as the father of the Indian Constitution.
Reservation In Employment Under Article Law Constitutional Administrative Essay
India was a country with highly rigid caste-based hierarchal structure, with ascending order of privileges and descending order of disabilities, which operated for about years. There was an overwhelming majority in the nation that was still backward — socially, economically, educationally, and politically. In the words of a great authority on public administration, L D White, promotion means "an appointment from a given position to a more difficult type of work and greater responsibility, accompanied by change of title and usually an increase in pay". The reservation policy is also extended to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for representation in the Parliament of India.
Article 12 imposes duty on the state to protect citizens for enjoying the Fundamental Rights. Each article has a distinct, important an valuable fundamental right empowering the citizens. These rights primarily aimed at assuring political freedom to the. We have perused in the past sections that there are numerous minority communities in India and our constitution itself has made numerous laws for them to shield their society and to give them education and to help them in different approaches to carry on a content and safe lives. The Indian Constitution guarantees "justice, social, economic and political" to all citizens.