The seat of the Government is located in New Delhi , the capital of India. Modelled after the Westminster system for governing the state,  the Union government is mainly composed of the executive , the legislature , and the judiciary , in which all powers are vested by the constitution in the prime minister , parliament and the supreme court. The president of India is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces whilst the elected prime minister acts as the head of the executive, and is responsible for running the Union government. The judiciary systematically contains an apex supreme court , 24 high courts , and several district courts , all inferior to the supreme court. The basic civil and criminal laws governing the citizens of India are set down in major parliamentary legislation, such as the civil procedure code , the penal code , and the criminal procedure code. The legal system as applicable to the Union and individual State governments is based on the English Common and Statutory Law.
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Habitat Library & Resource Centre, India Habitat Centre
The Centre for Wildlife Studies is an internationally recognized centre-of-excellence in the arenas of wildlife research, in situ conservation, policy and education. In collaboration with Central and State Governments as well as partnerships with several national and international institutions, CWS practices science-based conservation to promote protection of wildlife and wild lands. Under the leadership of Dr. Ullas Karanth, CWS has conducted pathbreaking research on the ecology and population dynamics of tigers, leopards, elephants and other Indian large mammals. CWS has been a leader in the fields of radio-telemetry, advanced field survey methods, animal population modelling and estimation. Our research identified conflict hotspots including around Bandipur and Nagarahole Tiger Reserves, which are home to globally important populations of tigers, leopards and elephants. Krithi K.
Relief & Rehabilitation Presentation at IH
Lack of resources, poor infrastructure and under-developed technology coupled with the high population have been responsible for decreasing the carrying capacity of the region. Overpopulation in Bangladesh resulted in overcrowded areas with traffic congestion as there are too many vehicles on the the roads, especially in cities such as Dhaka. Vehicle emissions, industrial discharge and burning of fossil fuels have resulted in air pollution , while the ground water has been polluted due to arsenic. Furthermore, shortage of food lead to overcultivation on the flood plains of the Ganges river , causing lower yields and soil exhaustion. Another major problem is the widespread deforestation for firewood on the slopes of the Himalayas.
Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth 's surface in rock and soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations. A unit of rock or an unconsolidated deposit is called an aquifer when it can yield a usable quantity of water. The depth at which soil pore spaces or fractures and voids in rock become completely saturated with water is called the water table. Groundwater is recharged from the surface; it may discharge from the surface naturally at springs and seeps , and can form oases or wetlands.