This review shall then summarise. Rationale 2 2. Aim 5 3. Objectives 5 4. Methodology 5 5. Data Search and Data Sources 7 6.
Regulating Prescription Drug Costs
Prescription Drug Monitoring and Drug Abuse Literature review
Maria Varela Follow. Background : The United States is currently facing alarmingly high and increasing rates of prescription opioid abuse and heroin use. Research has indicated that the abuse of prescription opioids such as hydrocodone and oxycodone may lead users to illicit drug use, specifically heroin. Objective : The purpose of this integrative review is to identify biological, social, and psychological factors that aid in the transition from prescription drug abuse to heroin use. Results : Biological factors aiding in the transition include an existing drug tolerance, dependence, and addiction to prescription opioids as well as the actual method of drug administration.
Metrics details. Opioid dependence is a chronic condition with substantial health, economic and social costs. The study objective was to conduct a systematic review of published health-economic models of opioid agonist therapy for non-prescription opioid dependence, to review the different modelling approaches identified, and to inform future modelling studies. Literature searches were conducted in March in eight electronic databases, supplemented by hand-searching reference lists and searches on six National Health Technology Assessment Agency websites.
Estimates of the costs of drug use vary depending on the source, how data is collected, and the year that the data is gathered. Because opioid misuse and the ensuing costs and consequences have grown since that time, the current numbers are likely substantially higher. Some of the estimated total costs related to each type of drug include:.