He was a Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe, in all likelihood independently of Aristarchus of Samos, who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier. His father was a wealthy merchant, who was also politically active in supporting Poland against the Teutonic Order, and he played a leading role in peace negotiations between the two factions. His uncle, the bishop, and ruler of Ermland was the person to whom Copernicus owed his education, career, and security. Copernicus studied at the University of Cracow from to
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Nicolaus Copernicus ( - ) - Biography - MacTutor History of Mathematics
Many believe the heliocentric theory was immediately rejected by the Catholic Church. However, the relationship between the Church and Copernicus is much more complex than popular historical narratives suggest. February 19, Legend has it that Nicolaus Copernicus and the church were at odds over his development of the heliocentric theory, a principle that disputed the widely held belief that Earth was the center of the universe. Unlike Galileo and other controversial astronomers, however, Copernicus had a good relationship with the Catholic Church. It may come as a surprise, considering the Church banned Copernicus' "Des revolutionibus" for more than years. Copernicus was actually respected as a canon and regarded as a renowned astronomer.
Nicolaus Copernicus – On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (1543)
Best known for his challenge to the geocentric cosmology of Ptolemy, Nicolaus Copernicus was a man of diverse accomplishments. His heliocentric theory sparked a scientific renaissance, commonly termed the Copernican Revolution. Born in the Prussian city of Thorn on February 19, , Copernicus was the son of a wealthy Polish merchant. His mother was the sister of the future bishop of Ermland.
He would have asked penetrating questions and obviously the religious answers he got did not satisfy his inquiring mind. However, if the Bible was inspired by the same person who created the universe, it should be able to answer this query to some satisfaction. But what if what we always thought we knew about the Bible was nothing like it really is?