In essence, a literature review identifies, evaluates and synthesises the relevant literature within a particular field of research. It illuminates how knowledge has evolved within the field, highlighting what has already been done, what is generally accepted, what is emerging and what is the current state of thinking on the topic. In addition, within research-based texts such as a Doctoral thesis, a literature review identifies a research gap i. However, your literature review does not need to be inclusive of every article and book that has been written on your topic because that will be too broad.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper
For Students - Literature Reviews - Research Guides at New Jersey Institute of Technology
Most projects will require you to look beyond the unit lecture notes to learn all you need to know to complete the task. This usually means scholarly literature such as textbooks and journal articles, but can also include official publications such as engineering standards and government reports. For help finding reliable sources of information, see Finding and evaluating information. Information drawn from the literature will form a smaller or larger part of your report depending on the type of assignment. For example:.
The Research Proposal: Searching and Reviewing the Literature
People often treat writing the literature review in an academic paper as a formality. Usually, this means simply listing various studies vaguely related to their work and leaving it at that. But this overlooks how important the literature review is to a well-written experimental report or research paper. Common in the social and physical sciences, but also sometimes required in the humanities, a literature review is a summary of past research in your subject area.
A literature review or narrative review is a type of review article. A literature review is a scholarly paper that presents the current knowledge including substantive findings as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources and do not report new or original experimental work. Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such reviews are found in academic journals and are not to be confused with book reviews , which may also appear in the same publication.