Continental philosophy is a set of 19th- and 20th-century philosophical traditions from mainland Europe. It is difficult to identify non-trivial claims that would be common to all the preceding philosophical movements, but the primary distinguishing feature between Continental Philosophy and Analytic Philosophy are their opposing attitudes to objectivity. The notion that the universe has a material reality regardless of whether humans exist or not, is rejected by foremost Continental philosophers like Hegel in the Counter-Enlightenment , and accepted by Analytic philosophers. The term continental philosophy , like analytic philosophy , lacks clear definition and may mark merely a family resemblance across disparate philosophical views. Simon Glendinning has suggested that the term was originally more pejorative than descriptive, functioning as a label for types of western philosophy rejected or disliked by analytic philosophers.
From Text to Action: Essays in Hermeneutics, Ii
Biblical Hermeneutics Essay - Words | Bartleby
Thus, the name does not refer to a particular philosophy, philosophical system, method, or tradition. Rather, Africana philosophy is a third-order, metaphilosophical, umbrella-concept used to bring organizing oversight to various efforts of philosophizing —that is, activities of reflective, critical thinking and articulation and aesthetic expression—engaged in by persons and peoples African and of African descent who were and are indigenous residents of continental Africa and residents of the many African Diasporas worldwide. In all cases the point of much of the philosophizings has been to confer meaningful orderings on individual and shared living and on natural and social worlds while resolving recurrent, emergent, and radically disruptive challenges to existence so as to survive, endure, and flourish across successive generations. The emergent third-order work defining the field has been focused on identifying for research and teaching, and for further refinements and new developments of, instances of philosophical articulations and expressions regarding what has been, and is, of thoughtful, aesthetic significance to persons African and of African descent. This work has produced educative catalogings and critical surveys of particular ideas and idea-spaces; intellectual and aesthetic expressive agendas, practices, and traditions; and networks of individuals, organizations, and institutions serving philosophizing in African and African-descended life-worlds. There are significant challenges to the viability of the concept Africana philosophy as well as to an effort to map out an encyclopedic overview of the extended and still expanding range of endeavors covered by the term.
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